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forumadmin 2017-08-17 23:31:55 ÔĶÁ£º78´Î ÆÀÂÛ£º0
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rRʮvʷӖ











ʮc؅^u˵һķĘO춱һһ毂OIģһ܌ýwٿ˼룬Է֮箐ԇҰȫ֮oɑ



rߡҮW Timothy SnyderС On Tyranny, Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century (ՓʮoĶʮӖ)ҪocĚvʷӖˣvʷ_܇ʷxıпRSnyderY˶ʮӖ



ǰь^ƪ񲻅䟩ԔжʮNӖHxKҪZϣЅrֵ






1.      ҪXZ (do not obey in advance)

ߵƽϵġTģ۴Ħ⣬߀δ_ڣԄӫIƽol혏Ğ錣·



2.      lصƶcM (defend institutions)

^institutionsΡƶȣҲNMČWУε„CNGOȡҪšǫ˺yδYҪ͸^MBM࣬Ҫƶȱl@ЩƶȽMoԼϧ@ЩƶȵˣҪwȥlҪԞ鮔ߕSoƶȣ˪һƉļйRcƶȡ̫Ӗfvʷ_܇



3.      һh (beware the one-party state)

v_܇Ľ򞣬ԡһһ۵ĕr򣬲֪һۡ1932겿ֵ‡ͶƱx{hLjrK֪һƱKYǫM1946꣬ݿxeУͶƱ׌ahψrҲ]^Yǃɴ˻ڌʮꣻֱ1989ZqᣬهLƽxeζ (ժfģһ)߽ϧͶƱęCcÿһxe



4.      Сеֿ (take responsibility for the face of the world)

ýݿԊ˿ySڡoߵУһ؞ȫƪı^һs؛難 ȫ繤ˈFYĘZ܏IJͬ⡢Ҳܟo^֮ƣ韩˼͒ڵȣ@NО飬얹wƵĺԣɞ̓ (ժfģoߵę挍)НBĸN硢̖(symbols)ҶXܽ^Ū߾裬ߵ[ȥ



5.      ֔ӛI (remember professional ethics)

IʿMڳ룬СijɞF߽̓{‡ӣı]СIFꠎæܳ£Ɏc̷ߣԳֲ܌Ӎ`̣͛]fq̫tԳκgõͬ⣬РI͛]лtW򞣻{‡Ě˹HRȫՆTҎأ̎``еĕϣյı(ժfģhɎF)



6.      Ҏb (be wary of paramilitaries)

f˴Ʒc棬߀eI˵Ƭˣ@Щ֧ķҎc܊˽sһF҂군ĕr򡣡ݣЩb֧å (paramilitary) ƶȱĵףȟoҕɣȻR{ɣݚɣ҂صărֵwϵֱx(Ҋfģåcؚw)



7.      髓Ոr̷˼ (be reflective if you must be armed)

vʷĉ|@ӵһ죺܊꠱ҪЩ¡ʂf



8. վ (stand out)

ҪվSףmȻ࣬]@NͲܵɡӛסRosa Parks (oʮܽ^ڰʿ׌˵ĺŮ)ӆ°ӵһ̣Ҏɵħƣ˕ߡӢr񼪠vʷʴȣʂԼȥ



9.      СZԛ@Ⱦ (be kind to our language)

Ҫƣ讔ߵIJ}Zԣhxҕ„Ӱ̫֮^ֹͣ˼x






10.   (believe in truth)

߇Lԇfr۰ărֵҵһף]llСJ顸JͬŒɓͬŗɡ]挍ԣN͟ouFoɓ]挍ζһнһ}YڴXˣuѣĿĈ桹



11.   (investigate)

˂ʲNࣿJ飬öˆ@}ȥ˽⡣ˣo𰸣˰ɡ_BȣԼȥ̽x¡Լorgoȥ龿ՈXY|ýw׌ӛYԴȥ{YϣДĻA಻ڶ@ԼߵǰҪڡͨˮҪXˮʲNMo|صĂý



12.  Q (make eye contact and small talk)

úýѣc߅˵ĸĤDyṛһһz΢Цһ•򣬶׌yе˸еůovʷ¸VңӭhеĂߣ܉εѡε師фtǸ׃ĵһ



13.  Ќw (practice corporeal politics)

IPʿ򣬡ҪɹҪԽɷN߅磺һ׃뷨BMͬͬˣҪ߳ȥͣԼϤĵطҪH|Щѵˡ



14.  ˽ (establish a private life)

 Hannah Arendt ՄOı|Ĩȥc˽ķҰÿ˱춘OwıOcҕСÿˑԓҕԼ˽[СXԾκOصĿܣͬrҲҪԡҪQ̽e˵˽OԮҊ֮˽_DҕҪȦз



15.  I (contribute to good cause)

ÿ˶c빫FwxһЩJͬĈFw֧\@Щc횳vΣݿ˿yS߀ǮҊӕrơ֮



16.  HˌW (learn from peers in other countries)

U۽磬ҪԞǣ̲Է⣬@ʲN



17.  ΣU (listen for dangerous words)

ָOu졸⡹ráOxcֲxfuֻţȻԡҰȫ(ࡢ֮)Ҏu졸֮̎ɣ]ДˣҲҪu씳ˡһ•֣ԄZʾɡƳ뾳һ•ҰȫԜR{ɣ^ΣԷˣӆԏጣ^ҰȫԭLJI˰ȫİȫӵ档(˶βҊfģˣfqfqffq)



18.  һ́RrҪő (be calm when the unthinkable arrives)

rǰϦyһtRһ̣ǏUƶȣȫ挏黥“W]ԂýevϣѸȫZӣɽֲՈʂ䣬m֮ӋҲҪwľRrܱܵ



19.  һۇ (be a patriot)

˕r˿̣^ۇԼأϣ@YԼărֵáۇxҪңۣǞ҂ص@Ƭض^



20.  M挦 (be as courageous as you can)

һӖֻһ䣺

҂֮Л]˜ʂɶN҂˕ڱМ



xꮅқ]κa䡣


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