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A. Principals of American Democracy/ԭt

1. What is the supreme law of the land?/߷ʲô
The Constitution /

2. What does the Constitution do?/ʲô
Sets up the government /w
Defines the government /x
Protects basic rights of Americanso˵Ļ

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? /ǰ˵εĸ@ʲô
We the People /҂

4. What is an amendment?/ʲô
A change (to the Constitution) /ģ
An addition (to the Constitution) /ģa

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?/ǰʮQʲô
The Bill of Rights /

*6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? /eһlеһ헙
Speech /Փ
Religion /ڽ
Assembly /Y
Press /
Petition the government /ՈԸ

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? /мl
Twenty-seven (27) /ʮ(27) l

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?/ԡʲô
Announced our independence (from Great Britain) /ÓxӢ
Declared our independence (from Great Britain) /ÓxӢ
Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) / ʾÓxӢ

9. What are two rights in the Declarationof Independence?/eԡе헙
Life / ę
Liberty /ɣę

Pursuit of happiness /׷Ҹę

10. What is freedom of religion?/ʲôڽɣ
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. /κڽ̣ҲԲκڽ

*11. What is the economic system in the United States?/Ľƶʲô
Capitalist economy /ʱx
Market economy /Ј

12. What is the rule of law?/Ρʲô
Everyone must follow the law. /˶ط
Leaders must obey the law. /I˱ط
Government must obey the law. /ط
No one is above the law. /ûκڷ֮

B. System of Government/w

*13. Name one branch or part of the government./ewƵһ֧T
Congress /
Legislative /T
President /ͳ
Executive /T
The courts /Ժ
Judicial /˾T

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?/ʲôֹһ֧׃^ǿ
Checks and balances /ƺ
Separation of powers /

15. Who is in charge of the executive /lؓ؟T
The President /ͳ

16. Who makes federal laws?/lƶ“ɣ
Congress /
Senate and House (of Representatives)/hԺ\hԺ
(U.S. or national) legislature /ңT

*17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?/ֽMɣ
The Senate and House (of Representatives) /hԺc\hԺ

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?/hԱмλ
One hundred (100) /һ(100) λ

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?/҂xhԱְꣿ
Six (6) /

*20. Who is one of your states U.S. Senators?/ݵĬFһλhԱʲô

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?/\hԺͶƱ\hԱмλ
Four hundred thirty-five (435) /İʮ(435) λ

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?/҂x\hԱְꣿ
Two (2) /2

23. Name your U.S. Representative./ex^\hԱ֣

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?/hԱˣ
All people of the state /ݵ

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? /ʲôЩݵ\hԱ˔ݶࣿ
(because of) the states population/ڣԓݵ˿ڡ
(because) they have more people /ڣԓи˿ڡ
(because) some states have more people /ڣԓݵ˿ڱݶ

26. We elect a President for how many years?/҂xĿͳְꣿ
Four (4) /(4)

*27. In what month do we vote for President?/҂һ·xͳ
November /ʮһ

*28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?/Fͳʲô
Donald Trump /Ƽ{¡

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?/Fͳʲô
Mike Pence/~ˡ˹

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/ͳҕ£tlɠͳ
the Vice President /ͳ

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/ͳ͸ͳҕ£tlɠͳ
the Speaker of the House /\hԺhL

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the Military? /l܊ͳ
the President /ͳ

33. Who signs bills to become laws?/l𷨰ʹ֮ɠɣ
the President /ͳ

34. Who vetoes bills? /lQ
the President /ͳ

35. What does the Presidents Cabinet do?/ͳăwʲô£
advises the President /ͳh

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?/weְλʲô
Secretary of Agriculture /rҵL
Secretary of Commerce /̄ղL
Secretary of Defense /L
Secretary of Education /L
Secretary of Energy /ԴL
Secretary of Health and Human cղL
Secretary of Homeland Security /ȫL
Secretary of Housing and Urban סլcаlչL
Secretary of Interior /L
Secretary of State
Secretary of Transportation/ͨL
Secretary of Treasury /ؔL
Secretary of Veterans Affairs /܊„ղL
Secretary of Labor /ڹL
Attorney General /˾L
Vice President /ͳ

37. Does the judicial branch do?/˾Tʲô
Reviews laws /鷨
Explains laws /ጷ
Resolves disputes (disagreements)/QՓҊһ£
Decides if a law goes against the Constitution /QijһǷ|

38. What is the highest court in the United States? /߷Ժʲô
The Supreme Court /“߷Ժ

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? /߷Ժмλ󷨹٣
Nine (9) / 9 λ

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States? /ϯ󷨹l
John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)/Լ_ȣСԼG._)

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government? /҇Щ““һ헙ʲô
to print money /ӡnƱ
to declare war /ս
to create an army /܊
to make treaties /ӆlԼ

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? /҇Щһ헙ʲô
Provide schooling and education /ṩWУ
provide protection (police) /ṩo()
Provide safety (fire departments) /ṩȫ֣
Give a drivers license /˰l{ʻִ
Approve zoning and land use /׼^cʹ

43. Who is the Governor of your state?/סݵĬFLl

*44. What is the capital of your state?/ݵ׸Σ

*45. What are the two major political parties in the United States? / Σ
Democratic and Republican /͹͵

46. What is the political party of the President now? /FοͳĂ
Republican(Party) /͵

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?/\hԺhLl
Paul Ryan/_

C. Rights and Responsibilities/c؟

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them./ĂPlͶƱԇeһ
Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). /ʮ(18) qϵĹ񣨿ͶƱ
You dont have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. /ͶƱUXUͶƱ˰
Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) /κι񶼿ͶƱcŮԶͶƱ
A male citizen of any race (can vote) κηNԹ񣨶ͶƱ

*49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? eһе؟Σ
Serve on a jury /㌏Ա
Vote /“xeͶƱ

50. Name one right only for United States citizens./eһеę
Vote in a federal election /“xeͶƱę
Run for federal office /xְę

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? ÿһסе헙ʲô
Freedom of expression /_
Freedom of speech /Փ
Freedom of assembly /Y
Freedom to petition the government/ՈԸ
Freedom of worship /ڽ̳ݵ
The right to bear arms /

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? ҂Чʱʲô_\
the United States /Ժ\
The flag /

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? /ɠʱһ헳ŵʲô
Give up loyalty to other countries /ŗЧ
Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States /ođ
Obey the laws of the United States/ķ
Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) Ҫʱ܊
Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) /ҪʱЧڣҪ
Be loyal to the United States /Ч

*54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President? /횼qͶƱxeͳ
Eighteen (18) and older /ʮ(18) q

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?/˅cεNʲôעشκ헼ɣ
Vote /ͶƱ
Join a political party /
Help with a campaign /fx
Join a civic group /빫w
Join a community group /С^w
Give an elected official your opinion on an issue /xԱṩԼijh}Ҋ
Call Senators and Representatives/늽ohԱ\hԱ
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy /_ֻ֧򷴌ijh}
Run for office /xְ
Write to a newspaper /Ͷ

*56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? “˰Ľֹһ죿

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service? ԵĂgעԡ۵ӛ
At age eighteen (18) /Mʮ˚qʱ
Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) /ʮ(18) qإ(26) q֮g

A. Colonial Period and Independence/ֳc

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?/ֳߵһʲô
Freedom /
Political liberty /
Religious freedom /ڽ
Economic opportunity /C
Practice their religion /ڽ̻
Escape persecution /ӱȺ

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? ŷ˵_֮ǰlѽס
Native Americans /ԭס
American Indians /ӡڰ


60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?/һȺ˱K؜uū
Africans /
People from Africa /Է޵

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?/ֳߠcӢս
Because of high taxes (taxation without representation) /򠑸~˰ֻU˰ûдࣩ
Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)/Ӣ܊ססլȣޡޠI
Because they didnt have selfgovernment/ûΙ

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?/ԡlдģ
(Thomas) Jefferson /R˹ѷοͳ

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?/ԡǺʱͨ^õģ
July 4, 1776 /1776 7 4

64. There were 13 original states.Name three. /ԭ13 ݡՈeݡ
New Hampshire /ºʲ
Massachusetts /_T
Rhode Island /_Íu
Connecticut /Ҹ
New York /~Լ
New Jersey ~
Pennsylvania /eϦ
Delaware /A
Maryland /RY
Virginia /
North Carolina /_{
South Carolina /Ͽ_{
Georgia /

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? Ƒh_ʲô£
The Constitution was written. /M
The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. /_T͔Mˑ

66. When was the Constitution written?/ǺʱMģ

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers./“Փ֧ͨ^Ոeһ“Փߣ
(James) Madison /ķ˹ѷοͳ
(Alexander) Hamilton /Ǖɽ󣩝hDһؔL
(John) Jay /Լһϯ󷨹٣
Publius /ղ˹λͬP

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? Qһ¼ʲô
U.S. diplomat /⽻
Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention /ƑhoLijԱ
First Postmaster General of the United States /һ־L
Writer of Poor Richards Almanac/Fb
Started the first free libraries /_kһMͼ^

69. Who is the Father of Our Country?/lǡ
(George) Washington /()AʢD

*70. Who was the first President?/lǵһοͳ
(George) Washington /ΣAʢDְã

B. 1800s 1800

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?/1803 򷨇ُIĉKIأ
the Louisiana Territory /·˹I
: Louisiana /·˹

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s./eһ1800cս
War of 1812 /1812 ս
Mexican-American War /īս
Civil War /ս
Spanish-American War /cս

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. /Ո˵Ϸc֮gսQ
The Civil War /ս
The War between the States /Hս

74. Name one problem that led to the CivilWar. /eһ헌ƒս}
Slavery /ū`ƶ
Economic reasons /ԭ
States rights /ݵę}

*75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? /DzֿϵһҪ¼ʲô
Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) /ū`ԣ
Saved (or preserved) the Union /ȣ“
Led the United States during the Civil War /ڃսgI

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? /ԡ_ʲô
Freed the slaves /ū`
Freed slaves in the Confederacy /“µū`
Freed slaves in the Confederate state “ݵū`
Freed slaves in most Southern states Ϸ󲿷ݵū`

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?/KɺB. |¼ʲô
Fought for womens rights /Ů^Y
Fought for civil rights /^Y

C. Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information/ʷcҪĕʷ

*78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s./eһ1900cս
World War I /һս
World War II /ڶս
Korean War /ս
Vietnam War /Խս
(Persian) Gulf War /˹ս

79. Who was President during World War I?/һսgͳl
(Woodrow) Wilson/_ѷ

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?/ʒl͵ڶսgĿͳl
(Franklin) Roosevelt/֣

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II? /ڵڶսcЩս
Japan, Germany and Italy /ձ‡

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?/ɭڵͳǰnj܊һս
World War II /ڶս

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?/սgҪ]ʲô
Communism /bx

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?/˄ԇͼYNҕ
civil rights (movement) /(˄)

*85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?/СR·½¼ʲô
Fought for civil rights /^Y
Worked for equality for all Americans /ˠȡƽ

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States? /20019 11հlʲôش¼
Terrorists attacked the United States. ֲӹ

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States./eһӡذ˲塣
[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.]USCIS ٌ“Jӡذ˲Σ
Cherokee /ɢڊWRc_{һ)
Navajo / {ߺɣɢɣݣīݼһᣩ
Sioux /K
Chippewa /R
Choctaw /̿
Pueblo /Ү
Apache /
Iroquois /˹
Creek /
Blackfeet /׿˷
Seminole /ِŵ
Cheyenne /İ
Arawak /߿
Shawnee /ʒ
Mohegan /Īϣ
Huron /݂
Oneida /ŷ_
Lakota /
Crow /
Teton /̩D
Hopi /RƤ
Inuit /Ŭ


A. Geography

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States./eLlеһl?

Missouri (River) /KYӣ
Mississippi (River) /ȣӣ

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?/lRʲô
Pacific (Ocean) /̫ƽ

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? /|lRʲô
Atlantic (Ocean) /

91. Name one U.S. territory./eһIأ
Puerto Rico /
U.S. Virgin Islands /پSȺu
American Samoa /_Ħ
Northern Mariana Islands /RYǼ{Ⱥu
Guam /Pu

92. Name one state that borders Canada./eһcôBݣ

Maine /
New Hampshire /ºʲ
Vermont /
New York /~Լ
Pennsylvania /eϦ
Ohio /
Michigan /ִ
Minnesota /K_
North Dakota /_
Montana /ɴ
Idaho /_
Washington /AʢD
Alaska /˹

93. Name one state that borders Mexico./eһcīBݣ
California /
Arizona /ɣ
New Mexico /ī
Texas /ÿ_˹

*94. What is the capital of the United States?/׶Y
Washington, D.C. /AʢD炐؅^

*95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?/ŮY
New York (Harbor) /~Լۣ
Liberty Island /ɍu
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]ش~ԼиڹѷӾȷ𰸣

B. Symbols ־

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?/ϠʮMl
Because there were 13 original colonies /ʮӢֳ
Because the stripes represent the original colonies /򠑙Mlֳ

*97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?/Ϡʮwǣ
Because there is one star for each state /ÿһw
Because each star represents a state ÿwǴһ
Because there are 50 states /ʮ

98. What is the name of the national anthem? /ĸΣ
The Star-Spangled Banner /ǹN

C. Holidays

*99. When do we celebrate Independence Day? /҂cףoһ죿
July 4 /գ1776꣩

100. Name two national U.S. holidays./ԇգ(ע⣺횻ش2 )
New Years Day /꣨Ԫ
Martin Luther King, Jr., Day /СR·½o
Presidents Day /ͳ
Memorial Day /׷գʿoգ
Independence Day /o
Labor Day /ڹ
Columbus Day /炐
Veterans Day /܊˹
Thanksgiving /ж
Christmas /Үգ}Q

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